The greater Ruaha Ecosystem covers an area of approximately 25,000
square kilometers and is the second largest park in Tanzania.
The contiguous Rungwa, Kizigo and Muhesi game reserves are the
main sources of the Ruaha River and are the most important places
for the Ruaha elephants during the dry season. Over 8,000 of them
search for water and grassland at this time. The vegetation of
Ruaha consists of tall trees such as baobab, tamarind, acacia
albida,, grasslands and Miombo woodland to the eastern side of
The National Park is named after the river that crosses the park.
The river is a home to hippos, crocodiles and numerous water birds
including spotted eagle owls, African cuckoos, bee-eaters, dove
shrikes, ostriches and many others. Large mammals include; sable
antelopes, African buffaloes, lions, greater and lesser Kudus,
gazelles, wild dogs, cheetahs, wildebeests, hartebeest, impalas
What to do
Day walks or hiking safaris through untouched bush.
Visit stone age ruins at Isimila, near Iringa, 120 km (75 miles)
away - one of Africa's most important historical sites.
The topography of Ruaha is lush plains, open grasslands, thickets,
flood plains and woodland. Also the park is bordered by mountains
with altitude of 1,600 meters to its massif Ngalambulwa.
The common wild animals that inhabit the Ruaha National Park are
herds of Giraffe, Buffalo, Greater Kudu and Impala during the
dry season of June through November. Others include roan and sable
antelope, lesser kudu, hartebeest, hippos, common zebras, and
warthog among other herbivores. The carnivores such as hunting
dogs, lion, spotted hyena, fox, leopard, cheetah and crocodile
resting to the river banks. Along the Ruaha river and the surrounding
generally noted the richness of the birdlife others not found
elsewhere in East Africa. These include rare raptorial eleonora's
falcon, migrating flocks. Others are marabou stork, dickinson's
kestrel, bat hawk, European hobby and red necked falcons.