Ruaha National Park


The greater Ruaha Ecosystem covers an area of approximately 25,000 square kilometers and is the second largest park in Tanzania. The contiguous Rungwa, Kizigo and Muhesi game reserves are the main sources of the Ruaha River and are the most important places for the Ruaha elephants during the dry season. Over 8,000 of them search for water and grassland at this time. The vegetation of Ruaha consists of tall trees such as baobab, tamarind, acacia albida,, grasslands and Miombo woodland to the eastern side of the river.

The National Park is named after the river that crosses the park. The river is a home to hippos, crocodiles and numerous water birds including spotted eagle owls, African cuckoos, bee-eaters, dove shrikes, ostriches and many others. Large mammals include; sable antelopes, African buffaloes, lions, greater and lesser Kudus, gazelles, wild dogs, cheetahs, wildebeests, hartebeest, impalas and zebras.

What to do

Day walks or hiking safaris through untouched bush.
Visit stone age ruins at Isimila, near Iringa, 120 km (75 miles) away - one of Africa's most important historical sites.
The topography of Ruaha is lush plains, open grasslands, thickets, flood plains and woodland. Also the park is bordered by mountains with altitude of 1,600 meters to its massif Ngalambulwa.

The common wild animals that inhabit the Ruaha National Park are herds of Giraffe, Buffalo, Greater Kudu and Impala during the dry season of June through November. Others include roan and sable antelope, lesser kudu, hartebeest, hippos, common zebras, and warthog among other herbivores. The carnivores such as hunting dogs, lion, spotted hyena, fox, leopard, cheetah and crocodile resting to the river banks. Along the Ruaha river and the surrounding generally noted the richness of the birdlife others not found elsewhere in East Africa. These include rare raptorial eleonora's falcon, migrating flocks. Others are marabou stork, dickinson's kestrel, bat hawk, European hobby and red necked falcons.

Ruaha National Park
The endangered African Hunting Dogs in Ruaha
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